INRS: Key OSH player in France
The French National Research and Safety Institute for the Prevention of Occupational Accidents and Diseases (INRS) is a non-profit organisation, subject to State financial supervision. It was created in 1947 under the aegis of Social Security.
INRS is managed by a joint board of directors representing employer associations and employee trade unions. Its budget - about 79 million euros - comes almost entirely from the National Fund for the Prevention of Occupational Accidents and Diseases (FNPAT). This fund is provisioned by a share of the compulsory occupational accident and disease contributions paid by firms, and managed by Social Security.
Its activities are programmed in accordance with directives from Social Security (French National Health Insurance Fund for Salaried Workers - CNAM) and policies defined by the Ministry in charge of Labour (Third Occupational Health Plan 2016-2020).
INRS operates on behalf of the 18 million employees and 1.7 million companies that fall under the general Social Security scheme.
INRS’s goal is to contribute to the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases through a set of four complementary actions. It conducts studies and research in a variety of areas, offers a wide range of training activities, develops and disseminates information on occupational safety and health, and provides technical, legal, medical and documentary expertise.
The general Social Security scheme
In France, the general social security scheme is divided into four branches covering health insurance, compensation for occupational injuries and illnesses, pension insurance and family benefits. Social Security is funded by compulsory contributions paid by employers and employees except for occupational accidents and diseases funded exclusively by the employers. Around 70% of salaried workers fall under this general scheme. INRS covers all sectors except special sectors such as the public, agriculture, mining sectors, etc.
Facts and Figures 2015
When acquiring and disseminating knowledge and transforming it into solutions, INRS uses its cross-disciplinary resources to spread OSH culture as widely as possible and to offer practical tools.
Recognition and compensation for occupational accidents and diseases and the follow-up of medical files is not part of INRS’s missions but that of Social Security.
INRS has about 600 staff members skilled in various professions and disciplines: engineers, physicians, ergonomists, legal advisors, information specialists, etc. They lend their expertise to other prevention partners such as national and regional Social Security services, occupational health services, CHSCTs (Health, Safety and Working Conditions Committees in enterprises), companies and employees themselves.
To carry out its missions, INRS has two centres: its head office in Paris (about 200 people) and a research centre in Nancy (about 400 people). INRS has been ISO 9001 certified since December 2009. Certification covers all of our activities, both at the Paris centre and at the Nancy centre.
INRS Identity card
- Non-profit organisation under the aegis of Social Security
- Joint Board of Directors representing employers and employee trade unions
- Budget of approximately 85 million euros (98% from the National Fund for the Prevention of Occupational Accidents and Diseases)
- 4 complementary actions: studies and research, advice and guidance training, and information